What is Back to the Future Day - October 21 2015?

Cameron Macphail - www.telegraph.co.uk - Technology

Film news What is Back to the Future Day - and what did the film get right and wrong about October 21 2015? It's here at last. Back to the Future Day. The date that Marty McFly and Dr Emmett “Doc” Brown chose to travel forward in time from 1985 in the hit sequel Back To The Future II The famous readout on the time-travelling DeLorean By Cameron Macphail , India Sturgis and Telegraph Film 6:54AM BST 21 Oct 2015 Comments
"We're descending toward Hill Valley, California, at 4:29 pm, on Wednesday, October 21st, 2015."
According to the time-bending 1980s sci-fi flick, by October 21 2015, we would be living in a world of hoverboards, flying cars and self-tying shoelaces. And now that the day has actually arrived. What's the plot?
Dr Emmett Brown takes Marty and his girlfriend Jennifer to the future to prevent their kids from "ruining their lives".
Doc Brown and Marty McFly travel to in the screen classic's 1989 sequel Photo: Universal Pictures
After doing that, Marty buys a sports almanac for 1950-2000, thinking it might help him in his time. Doc finds out and throws it away, but 2015 Biff (now a very old man) finds the book and uses the DeLorean to give the almanac to his younger self.
When Marty and Jennifer arrive back to their own time, they find it has totally changed - Biff is very rich and practically owns the city, ( sound familiar? ). He is married Marty's mother, killed his dad, and when Marty starts to ask about the almanac, he wants to kill him too.
Doc also finds out that he was imprisoned in an asylum, so the two go back to 1955, the night of the Enchantment-Under-The-Sea party in an effort to take back the almanac. What did 'Back to the Future II' get right about 2015?
While some of these “inventions” seem laughable, not all have fallen wide of the mark. Big-screen televisions and video calls
The film features several scenes of characters watching screens very much like the oversize ones we actually use these days. That's saying something, because most TVs of the 1980s were heavy, square appliances with bulky picture tubes. Some of them even came in wood-grain cabinets like furniture!
Also, the "BTTF II" characters talk to the screens just like we do today. Not bad, given that videophones -- though long promised -- barely existed in 1989. With FaceTime and Skype now staples, the video call has evolved from a business medium to an essential of everyday life.
Earlier this year, Canadian inventor Catalin Alexandru Duru broke the world record for the longest hoverboard flight, standing on the back of a Omni Hoverboard, his homemade, propeller-powered vehicle. With its downward-thrusting propellers, powered by a dozen lithium polymer batteries, it looks like a military drone and floats like a giant swimming aid with a man on top.
In May, Duru flew his patent-pending piece of kit at a height of 16ft above a Quebec lake , for 300 yards, on a trip that lasted a minute and a half.
Duru is not the only engineer who believes we can fly. A California company used Kickstarter money to develop the Hendo Hoverboard , which uses electromagnets to zip above a metal floor, while car manufacturer Lexus recently unveiled a wheelless skateboard made from bamboo and carbon fibre fitted with a superconductor cooled by liquid nitrogen to enable it to levitate above magnetic flooring.
To celebrate the date Marty McFly arrived in the future, an advert for the ‘Hover master’ has been made by Universal. Video glasses
The Back to the Future films also presaged wearable technology, such as wraparound glasses which Marty uses to answer and speak on the phone (Google Glass, anyone?). Microsoft's recently announced Hololens bears more then a passing resemblence to Junior's goggles.As Doc might say: “Great Scott!” Self-tying shoes
Nike is promising to develop hi-top trainers with inbuilt motors so the laces do the hard work by themselves.
Nike's self-lacing trainers - available by the end of the year?
While we’re no nearer to a flying car than when the film was released in 1989, it got some things right. Biff, one of the series’ main characters, pays for a taxi ride with a thumb print – just like the fingerprint technology used on the iPhone 6 and cashless apps such as Uber, Hailo and Bounce. Jaws 19 trailer has actually been released
A parody trailer for Jaws 19, the film seen in Back to the Future II, has been released
he scene in Robert Zemeckis' Back to the Future II, released in 1989, when Marty McFly travels in his DeLorean to 2015? In the background, a cinema is advertising Jaws 19. It is an amusing detail; a sly dig at the increasing absursity of the (never-ending) Jaws sequels. But it could never really happen... could it? What did Back to the Future II get wrong? Flying cars powered by rubbish
We're not quite at the stage of seeing cars zip through the air - although this guy has given it a good go ... And fossil fuels still power our cars despite electric making inroads. What price a flux capacitor. Can someone get Elon Musk on the video phone..? Power clothing
Now this is one thing we wish 2015 had brought: jackets that dry themselves and shoes that lace themselves up. Look, no hands! Fax machines
The film went a little too heavy on its predictions for fax machines, which it imagined would be everywhere in 2015. Fortunately, they're not
... And there's one key invention Back to the Future II missed out: smartphones and tablets, undeniably the most important technological breakthrough of the last decade. Apple didn't even get a look-in.
Might have come in handy when Marty and the Doc wanted to escape the future and head back to 1985. What does the cast look like now?
Back to the Future II Photo: Rex Features 13 things you may not know about Back to the Future 1. It was almost called Spaceman From Pluto
Sid Sheinberg, the risk-averse studio executive in charge of shepherding Back to the Future into cinemas, was spooked by the dismal box-office performance of time-travel movies Somewhere in Time, Time Bandits and The Final Countdown.
Fearing the same fate for Robert Zemeckis's film, he suggested an alternative title inspired by the script's references to Marty McFly being mistaken for an alien by the residents of Fifties Hill Valley: Spaceman From Pluto.
Producer Steven Spielberg decided to pretend he was joking, despite knowing full well that he wasn't. “Dear Sid, Thank you for your most humorous memo," he responded. "We got a big laugh out of it. Keep ’em coming.” The original title stayed, and today Sheinberg denies that he ever thought his mooted title was a good idea. As he tells Caseen Gaines, author of the new BTTF book We Don't Need Roads (Plume, £11.99): "I never in a sober moment advocated Spaceman From Pluto as the title." 2. Doc Brown once had a chimp sidekick called Shemp
Sheinberg may have been right about this one. In their original script, Zemeckis and his co-writer Bob Gale gave mad scientist Professor (later changed to Doc) Brown a primate companion called Shemp. "Sid hated that," Gale tells Gaines. "He told us he'd looked it up, and movies with chimps never made money."
Gale pointed to the success of Every Which Way But Loose, in which Clint Eastwood starred with a simian called Clive. But that was an orangutan, Sheinberg replied. Big difference. Shemp subsequently became a dog named Einstein. 3. It was the first film to nuke the fridge
The movie equivalent of TV's jumping the shark, the phrase was coined after Indiana Jones shielded himself from a nuclear bomb by hiding in a fridge, and has now become shorthand for a ridiculous, logic-defying plot device. But Back to the Future almost did it first. In an early version of the script, the time-travel device was driven towards an atomic blast while strapped to a fridge, with Marty McFly climbing inside to escape the blast. Steven Spielberg reportedly nixed this idea, worried that kids would copy Marty and become trapped inside the family refrigerator. 4. Eric Stoltz's Marty McFly was... intense
Michael J Fox was Zemeckis's first choice to play Marty McFly, but Fox, then starring in the sitcom Family Ties, couldn't make room in his TV schedule. So filming began with Eric Stoltz, and the director quickly realised he was woefully miscast. Although Stoltz had learnt to play guitar and was a pretty good skateboarder, he just couldn't do physical comedy – the "Daffy Duck humour", as Spielberg called it. As co-star Lea Thompson puts it in Gaines's book: "Eric is such a different actor and he could be very difficult. It was a time when we were emerging from the Seventies. All the young actors wanted to be like De Niro and Pacino, which was good in a lot of ways."
For Stoltz, this meant taking his rivalry with screen bully "Biff" Tannen to ridiculously Method extremes. Actor Thomas Wilson, who played Tannen, tells Gaines that Stoltz repeatedly left bruises on his collarbone after refusing to ease up during their fight scenes. To Wilson's relief, Stoltz was eventually paid off and – after an agreement was reached with the producers of Family Ties – his scenes reshot with Fox.
But Stoltz's performance lives on in an alternate universe imagined by the science fiction series Fringe, as seen in this shot. 5. Christopher Lloyd didn't know Stoltz's name
When told that his co-star had been let go, the actor playing Doc Brown reportedly said: "Who's Eric?" Stoltz had been referred to as "Marty" throughout the production, and it transpired that Lloyd believed that was his real name. 6. Crispin Glover's home looked exactly as you'd imagine
After playing George McFly in Back to the Future, the eccentric actor carved out a niche making gruelling, semi-pornographic outsider art films, performing one-man dance shows, and touring the world with a PowerPoint presentation called Crispin Hellion Glover’s Big Slide Show. So it may surprise absolutely nobody to learn that when Lea Thompson was invited to his apartment for an evening of line-reading during filming, she found his home painted entirely black, devoid of furniture and with a stainless steel operating table in the middle of the living room. In case you're curious, Glover currently lives alone in a 15-room mansion in Prague. 7. Tom "Biff" Wilson gets asked the same questions a lot
When accosted by fans, the actor formerly known as Biff simply hands over a 400-word typed postcard containing the answers to all the questions they're bound to ask. As revealed by Letters of Note, the note begins as follows: "I’m Tom Wilson. I was in all three Back to the Future movies. Michael J. Fox is nice. I’m not in close contact with him. Christopher Lloyd is nice. He is a very shy man. Crispin Glover is unusual, but not as unusual as he sometimes presents himself. We got along nicely. Lea Thompson is nice. Eric Stoltz originally played Marty, but was fired due to performance issues...
"Love is more important than material possessions. I made less money than you think. I don't talk about the movies much because I'm busy with standup comedy and music performances. Those performances aren't near the magnitude of the movies, but I find them enjoyable and satisfying, so that's the area of my concentration..."
There's also a musical version: 8. There's a good reason Doc Brown's DeLorean needed to reach 88 mph
The internet is full of attempts to explain the speed the Prof's car had to hit in order to time travel (sample: "If the wormhole stability was measured as lasting only .10717 seconds then to move a car 4.216 meters long [A DeLorean] through the wormhole before it closes you would need to be moving at 39.3395 meters per second or 88 MPH").
But the truth is much simpler: the production designers thought it looked cool on the digital speedometer and would be easy for the public to remember. 9. Crispin Glover hated the ending
Glover didn't return for the two sequels, reportedly because he asked for too much money. Zemeckis, who had struggled with getting Glover to behave "like a human being" in the first film, seized the opportunity to replace him as George McFly with another vaguely similar actor wearing a latex mask. Glover sued the producers for using his likeness, and was awarded $1 million.
But in a 2013 interview, Glover revealed the "real" reason why he didn't come back: he objected to the ending, which finds the McFly family rich and happy. "I said to Robert Zemeckis I thought it was not a good idea for our characters to have a monetary reward," he said, "because it basically makes the moral of the film that money equals happiness... love should be the reward." Zemeckis, understandably, "got really mad". 10. And Lea Thompson did not care for Glover's replacement
Jeffrey Weissman, the poor man under the Crispin Glover latex in Back to the Future Part II, tells Gaines that his fellow actors didn't exactly welcome him with open arms; in fact, they barely bothered to learn his name. Thompson even took to introducing him to people as "the guy playing Crispin". 11. Chuck Berry played hard to get
The script called for Marty McFly to pick up a guitar at the school dance and invent rock'n'roll by playing Johnny B Goode. But it was written without Berry's permission, and the rocker kept Zemeckis and Gale waiting until the day of filming to give them the go-ahead. The $50,000 cheque they agreed to write possibly helped. 12. The Ghostbusters theme would be very different without it
A few months after Huey Lewis and the News recorded The Power of Love for the Back to the Future soundtrack, they were asked by Columbia Pictures to write the theme to Ghostbusters. Loyal to Zemeckis and Co, they declined. 13. Twenty "clock wranglers" were needed for the first scene
Back to the Future's opening is a panning shot of Doc Brown's workshop, showing dozens of clocks all showing the exact same time. But many of them kept stopping and messing up the shot, meaning 20 crew members had to sit off-camera setting them off with switches and pulleys the millisecond each take began.